The following was written by the U.S. Census Bureau:
The U.S. Census Bureau has calculated the center of population for the United States based on the 2020 Census population of 331.4 million. The center is near Hartville, a town of about 600 people in central southern Missouri.
Every 10 years, since the first census in 1790, the Census Bureau has calculated the “center of population,” which is a point at where an imaginary, flat, weightless and rigid map of the United States would balance perfectly if everyone were of identical weight. This point represents the average location of where people in the United States live.
Based on the 2020 Census redistricting data released September 16, the center of the population (as of Census Day, April 1, 2020) is located about 15 miles from Hartville.
The “Hart” of the Nation’s Population: Hartville, Missouri (Pop. 594)
According to the 2020 Census, a tiny town in south central Missouri now has the unique distinction of being the center of the nation’s population.
Visit America Counts to read more about:
How we know where the center of population is
Shifts in the center of population through the decades
Find Your State’s 2020 Center of Population
In addition to a national center of population, the Census Bureau also calculates centers of population for each state, county, census tract and census block group. Coordinates for each of these locations can be found on the Center of Population webpage.
In 2020, the 10 states where population centers moved the farthest from 2010 were:
North Dakota (6.4 miles)
Arkansas (5.1 miles)
Nebraska (4.9 miles)
South Dakota (4.4 miles)
West Virginia (3.8 miles)
Kansas (3.1 miles)
Alaska (3.0 miles)
Louisiana (2.8 miles)
Maine (2.6 miles)
New York (2.6 miles)
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About the Census Bureau
We serve as the nation’s leading provider of quality data about its people and economy. The Census Bureau is the federal government’s largest statistical agency. We are a scientific organization focused on data. Policy-makers, businesses, and the public use our information to make far-reaching decisions.